The Aadhaar Act: A Detailed Study

Kiruba Kandaswamy and H.Dharshini
School of law, Sastra University, India.

Volume II – Issue III, 2020

In the world we live in, people prefer obtaining resources in a secured identity based manner. None appreciates any type of disrupt in the access to government benefits and subsidies. People use their respective ration cards, driving license etc as their identity proofs. However, these identity proofs can easily be scammed or duplicated. This calls for the need of biometric based unique identification with numbers, the Aadhaar. This was highly approved as it helped authenticating an individual based on the biometrics, fingerprints, iris scan and issuing 12 digit Aadhaar numbers by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). The Aadhaar Act was introduced in the lower house with the motto of distributing subsidies and benefits in the form of various other services in the year 2016 as a step to ensure efficient and good governance. This biometric based unique identity number was first initiated in 2009 to deal with duplication problems. Though it is a secured identity, various issues arose linking to the usage of Aadhaar in terms of legality, privacy and security. This paper will attempt to highlight those issues in a wider context involving the Aadhaar Act, sections that were struck down and the landmark cases that were taken as precedents.


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