An Analytical Study on Right to Die and Euthanasia

Mudit Balai
Raffles University, Neemrana, India.

Volume II – Issue III, 2020

Euthanasia has always been in glow of publicity and as a subject of debate in the field of medicine and law. It is one of the most confusing issues which the world is facing today when it comes to the life of a patient with fatal illness and intense pain, who is in a vegetate state and cannot support life with dignity. Badly handicapped or terminally ill patients are supposed to have the right to choose between life and death. Euthanasia throughout the world has been much debated subject and India entered into this debate since the case of Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug who was sexually assaulted by a ward boy. The present study provides the case of countries which have execute legislations to euthanasia. Among these countries Netherlands was the first to legalize euthanasia and later was joined by Canada, Columbia, Belgium, and the state of Oregon in USA. India also joined these countries which have legalized mercy killing in some form, so far ‘Passive Euthanasia’ is legalized by Supreme Court in India. Various forms of euthanasia have been highlighted in the present research article, the most prominent among them include Active and Passive euthanasia, Voluntary and Non-Voluntary euthanasia. In this study an attempt is made to examine the arguments in favor and against euthanasia, an account of euthanasia and the position of life in Islam is also explored. The research method used for the growth and analysation of data in the current study is descriptive method.


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