Juvenile Justice in India

Harini.S, Sruthi Lakshmi V, and Varsha
School of Law, SASTRA Deemed University, India

Volume II – Issue II, 2020

This paper has in deep dealt with the juvenile justice system in India, the juvenile justice (Care and Protection) Act of 2000 being the basic legal framework for juvenile laws in India which primarily focuses on children who are in conflict with law and children who are in need of care and protection. The authors in this paper have stressed on the first kind of juveniles. The 2012 Delhi gang rape case has triggered various changes into the existing juvenile laws. The paper also chalks in detail about the amendments made in Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 and how reformative has it evolved to the previous Juvenile Act in 2000. The paper also unravels about the causes of juvenile delinquency and has addressed the general question of whether mental sickness is the sole reason for their criminal acts. A comparative study of juvenile laws in India and other countries across the globe is made. The authors have tried to answer the burning question regarding, lowering the age of criminal responsibility and also emphasized on how important it is for the judiciary and the human rights to go hand in hand to solve this issue and to reduce the crime rates effectively.


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