Victim Compensation Scheme in India

Bhanu Pratap Singh
School of Law, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, India.

Volume II – Issue II, 2020

A huge number of victims are affected by crime. People suffer harm whether it be physical or social or it be monetary they should be given access to justice. In the recent decades it has been noticed that impact of crime on victims has withdrawn their attention of criminal laws jurisdiction and the conclusion that has come out that victims should be treated with empathy and there basic rights must be protected. In today’s time understanding the perspective of victims is emerging as a new branch of criminology also known as victimology.

The compensation to the victim of crime is big matter of concern, all over the world the condition of the victims of crime is not better. The function of compensation is simple, i.e. it serves to right of the victim what would else count as unlawful injuries to persons or their property. It has been stated under different provision of the Code of Criminal Procedure, The Probation of Offenders Act, 1958 and Motor Vehicle Act, 1988.

In this paper the focus is given on understanding the perspective of victims, need for victim compensation, Indian provisions and statutes and the judicial trend related to the victim compensation.

Keywords: basic rights, compensation, empathy, perspective, victimology.


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