Artificial Intelligence as a Game Changer in 21st Century Cyber Crime Dynamics

  • Jyotirmoy Banerjee and Ishan Atrey
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  • Jyotirmoy Banerjee

    Assistant Professor-I at Amity Law School, Amity University, Bengaluru, India

  • Ishan Atrey

    Lecturer at Indian Institute of Management Rohtak, India

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The 21st century has witnessed a significant transformation in the landscape of cybercrime, driven by the rapid advancements in artificial intelligence (AI). This paper explores how AI technologies are reshaping the tactics, tools, and profiles of cyber criminals. AI's integration into cyber criminal activities has led to more sophisticated and elusive threats, challenging traditional security measures. Machine learning algorithms, for instance, enable cyber criminals to automate attacks, enhancing their precision and scalability. AI-driven tools can identify and exploit vulnerabilities more efficiently, making attacks faster and harder to detect. Moreover, AI-powered social engineering tactics, such as deepfake technology and advanced phishing schemes, have become increasingly prevalent. These tactics leverage AI to create highly convincing fake identities and scenarios, deceiving even the most cautious individuals and organizations. Cyber criminals now use AI to analyze vast amounts of data to identify potential targets and tailor their attacks, increasing the likelihood of success. The paper also examines the changing profile of cyber criminals in the AI era. Traditionally, cybercrime was dominated by individuals with significant technical expertise. However, AI has lowered the barrier to entry, enabling less skilled individuals to execute complex attacks using readily available AI tools. This democratization of cybercrime has expanded the pool of potential offenders, diversifying their methods and objectives. In response, cybersecurity strategies must evolve to counter AI-driven threats. This includes developing AI-based defense mechanisms that can anticipate and neutralize attacks in real time. Furthermore, there is a need for comprehensive legal frameworks and international cooperation to address the challenges posed by AI in cybercrime. The infusion of artificial intelligence into cyber criminal activities represents a paradigm shift in the threat landscape. Understanding and addressing these evolving contours is crucial for enhancing global cybersecurity and protecting digital infrastructures in the 21st century. This paper aims to highlight the critical intersection of AI and cyber-crime, offering insights into the emerging trends and potential countermeasures.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 490 - 499


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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