Data Security and Telemedicine: A Legal Perspective

  • Hardik Tokas
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  • Hardik Tokas

    Advocate at Varistha Law Offices, New Delhi, India

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Telemedicine has emerged as a promising solution to enhance healthcare access and reduce costs, particularly in geographically diverse countries like India. However, the rapid digitization of healthcare has raised significant data security and privacy concerns. This paper examines the regulatory framework governing telemedicine in India and the associated data security challenges. Key regulations include the I.T. Act 2000, SPDI Rules 2011, NMC Act 2020, and Telemedicine Practice Guidelines 2020. These aim to provide legal guidelines for telemedicine practices and address data protection issues. The paper highlights the importance of patient consent, data confidentiality, and cybersecurity measures in telemedicine. While existing regulations provide a foundation, there is a pressing need for comprehensive legislation tailored explicitly to telemedicine's unique challenges. The upcoming Personal Data Protection Bill is expected to strengthen data privacy provisions. However, additional measures are required to regulate data encryption, secure storage, and protect against cyber threats. The paper concludes that a collaborative approach involving policy-makers, healthcare providers, technology companies, and legal experts is crucial to addressing data security challenges in telemedicine. Regular audits and assessments should be mandated to ensure compliance with data security standards. As telemedicine continues to grow in India, robust data security and privacy measures will be essential to build patient trust, foster innovation, and fully leverage the potential of digital healthcare in the country.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 1465 - 1481


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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