Economic Development through Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): A Regulatory Mechanism in Retail Sector Perspective in India

  • Loknath Saha
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  • Loknath Saha

    Student at Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida, UP, India.

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India and its Foreign Direct Investment policy are crucial in accelerating the country’s retail sector unit for balanced economic growth in all circumstances. India’s economic scenario has undergone notable changes over the last decades with foreign trade and investment regulations playing a significant role in the country’s self-sufficiency strategy. While foreign enterprise participation was not discouraged in the Indian market, stringent controls and regulations were in place to safeguard national interests. In the process of growing foreign investment, there are some sectors under the retail industry where FDI is restricted to a certain level to protect the interests of indigenous small retailers and farmers. The Reserve Bank of India’s Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA), replaced the earlier Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA) that aimed to facilitate external trade and maintain a stable foreign exchange market in India for wider economic diversification with proper legal compliance. This research paper delves into the intricate landscape of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) within India’s retail sector by examining the retail industry’s evolution throughout the period. The paper covers a range of crucial aspects of legal mechanisms with their historical significance, segmentation of the retail industry, and FDI policies specific to retail in India with technological innovations required in the legal system to facilitate a better flow of retail trade in the domestic market.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 70 - 80


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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