Effectiveness of Rehabilitation Programs for Juvenile Offenders in India: Assessing Recidivism Rates and Reintegration into Society

  • Ramendra Singh
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  • Ramendra Singh

    Student at Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, India

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The juvenile justice system in India is tasked with addressing the complex needs of juvenile offenders while promoting their rehabilitation and reintegration into society. This research paper examines the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs for juvenile offenders in India, with a focus on evaluating their impact, identifying challenges, and exploring opportunities for improvement. The paper begins with an overview of the theoretical framework underpinning juvenile rehabilitation, highlighting key concepts such as deterrence, rehabilitation, and reintegration. Methodologically, a mixed-methods approach is employed, incorporating quantitative analysis of recidivism rates, qualitative interviews with stakeholders, and case studies of successful rehabilitation programs. The findings reveal significant challenges in the juvenile justice system, including resource constraints, socioeconomic disparities, and stigma surrounding juvenile delinquency. Despite these challenges, there are opportunities for innovation and policy reform, such as investing in community-based interventions, leveraging technology for remote rehabilitation services, and promoting restorative justice approaches. Case studies of successful rehabilitation programs, such as the Udaan Rehabilitation Program and the Bal Sahyog Juvenile Rehabilitation Center, provide concrete examples of effective interventions and highlight best practices for promoting positive outcomes. The paper concludes with recommendations for strengthening rehabilitation programs, including enhancing access to education and vocational training, addressing socioeconomic disparities, and fostering community engagement. By addressing these challenges and leveraging opportunities for improvement, India can strengthen its juvenile justice system and promote the rehabilitation and reintegration of juvenile offenders into society.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 2, Page 254 - 271

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLSI.111846

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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