Exploring the Evolution of Reservation Policies in India: A Constitutional Analysis of Social Justice and Affirmative Action

  • Mehraj Ud Din
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  • Mehraj Ud Din

    Phd Scholar at University of Kashmir, India

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In a democratic system of governance, all citizens are considered equal before the law of the land. There should be no room for disparities among them at any stage of life. While natural differences may exist, political and legal equality must prevail for all. In India, pervasive social, economic, and educational discrimination has persisted since its inception. Weaker sections of society have long been denied their rights. Thus the reservation policies have been utilized as a means to mitigate historical inequalities and empower marginalized communities. This paper investigates the intricate relationship between reservation policies and social justice in the Indian context through an analysis of theoretical frameworks surrounding social justice, as well as an examination of the Indian Constitution's provisions affirmative action. This study delves into the role of reservation as a tool for advancing social justice objectives. By adopting a multifaceted approach, the study scrutinizes how the Indian Constitution addresses various dimensions of social justice. Ultimately, the paper argues that reservation policies play a pivotal role in redressing historical discrimination and fostering social justice in India.




International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 507 - 516

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLSI.111934

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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