Fast-Track Courts in India: Assessing Efficacy and Proposing Solutions for Case Backlog

  • Priya Jaiswal
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  • Priya Jaiswal

    Student at Shambhunath Institute of Law, India

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This research aims to critically analyze the Fast-Track Courts in India with its noteworthy contribution in precipitating the justice delivery system. The research predominantly stresses the organizational structure, jurisdiction, historical evolution, and legal frameworks of the Fast-Track Courts in India. The paper also delves into the functions performed by the Fast-Track Courts and scrutinizes its effects on the huge backlog of cases in the Indian judicial system. This paper humbly attempts to assess the procedural aspects and mechanisms employed by the Fast-Track Courts in resolving disputes and emphasizing their efficiency in achieving speedy justice. The study further explores viable solutions to address the persistent issue of case backlog in the country's judicial system. By assessing the performance of fast-track courts and identifying the factors contributing to the pendency of cases with special attention on the systematic and procedural issues, the research seeks to offer valuable insights for judicial reform and improvement while considering short-term and long-term perspectives. It will also examine the specific challenges faced by the Fast-Track Courts in expediting justice and reducing the case backlog. It will further bestow recommendations for optimizing the functioning of fast-track courts, ensuring their efficiency in the delivery of timely justice while maintaining the specified judicial standards.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 1482 - 1496


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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