From Fingerprints to Fiber Analysis: Unveiling the Silent Witness | The Role of Forensics in Modern Criminal Investigations

  • Amlan Panigrahi
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  • Amlan Panigrahi

    LL.M. student in India

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Forensic science is usually defined as the application of science to the process of investigation. The forensic scientists use their knowledge and skills to collect, analyze, and interpret evidence to provide information that can be used in the court of law. Forensic science has a massive role in modern criminal investigations, transforming seemingly insignificant details into props of justice delivery. Forensic science is complex and an ever-evolving field. New technologies that can be used to analyse evidence far more quickly and accurately are constantly being developed. This results in forensic science playing a vital role in the criminal justice system. Although these new technologies provide a ton of other problems that can derail the justice system, forensic science continues to be one of the most essential stakeholders in the criminal justice system, and the study of the same can give an idea as to what the propensity of the problems are and how that can be resolved. This article delves into the various types of forensic evidence. It underscores the importance of properly collecting and processing evidence, maintaining the chain of custody, and adhering to ethical considerations to ensure the reliability and admissibility of evidence in court. This article explores various forensic disciplines like toxicology, ballistics, and pathology, highlighting their unique operations in the criminal justice system. The article acknowledges the ethical concerns surrounding the potential for human error and bias in forensic analysis. It emphasises the need for continuous improvement in protocols, training, and quality control to ensure the integrity and objectivity of forensic science in the pursuit of justice.




International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 2, Page 35 - 43


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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