From Headlines to Verdicts: Examining the influence of Media Coverage on the Right to a Fair Trial

  • Parmeet Kaur
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  • Parmeet Kaur

    Student at School of Legal Studies, Himgiri Zee University, Dehradun, India

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Media trials have gained significant attention due to its implications on the right to a fair trial, especially when it comes to legal and constitutional protections. This paper explores the ideas behind fair trial principles in media trial cases, looking at how legal decisions and public attitudes have changed over time to balance media freedom and judicial fairness. Looking at the legal side of media trials in India, it shows a tricky balance between freedom of speech, which is protected by Article 19 of the Constitution, and the need to make sure the judicial process remains supreme. It underscores the challenges faced by the judiciary in diminishing the prejudicial impacts of media coverage on ongoing legal proceedings. International standards and instruments are crucial in protecting fair trial rights worldwide. This paper discusses various treaties and conventions, like the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). These global standards promote a balanced approach between the right to a fair trial and freedom of expression, serving as guiding principles for national legal systems. The impact of media trials on the right to a fair trial, particularly through the standpoint of Article 19 of the Indian Constitution, highlights the fundamental conflict between judicial integrity and public interest journalism. This phenomenon calls into question the boundaries of media freedom as well as the steps required to defend the accused's rights. The paper concludes with highlighting the need for a balanced approach that upholds both the fundamental right to a fair trial and media freedom, guaranteeing that justice is carried out impartially.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 1097 - 1113


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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