Gender Perspectives on Afghan Refugee Integration in India: Issues and Challenges

  • Mehvish Mehraj and Dr Anna Bashir
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  • Mehvish Mehraj

    Research Scholar at School of Law, University of Kashmir, India

  • Dr Anna Bashir

    Assistant Professor at School of Law, University of Kashmir, India

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Gender bias perpetuates inequality by limiting access to opportunities and essential services for women while imposing societal expectations and stereotypes of men. The study investigates the unique challenges faced by Afghan refugees in India, with a focus on gender dynamics during the integration process. Women often encounter barriers to accessing education and healthcare services, while men grapple with redefining their societal roles and overcoming biases associated with being refugees. Through quantitative research method viz a viz Questionnaire mode, the study uncovers the distinct obstacles encountered by Afghan women and men in education, healthcare, and employment in India. Findings highlight the need for gender-sensitive policies and interventions to address these challenges and promote more inclusive integration strategies for refugees. By recognizing and addressing gender disparities, policymakers and stakeholders can contribute to fostering equitable and sustainable integration processes for Afghan refugees in India and beyond.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 517 - 538


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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