Investigating the Intricacies of Environment Social Governance (ESG) in the International Arena

  • Diwanshi Rohatgi and Dr. Pramod Kumar Sharma
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  • Diwanshi Rohatgi

    Research Scholar at NIMS School of Law, NIMS University, Rajasthan, Jaipur, India

  • Dr. Pramod Kumar Sharma

    Professor at NIMS School of Law, NIMS University, Rajasthan, Jaipur, India

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Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors have gained significant attraction in the realm of international finance, shaping investment decisions and corporate strategies. This paper delves into the intricate dynamics of ESG integration in the global arena, aiming to shed light on its multifaceted dimensions and implications. This paper explores about the undertakings of United Nation Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDG) with an objective to secure a sustained future, economic growth and social welfare and focuses on five key areas – people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. Secondly, the research delves into different ESG approaches of various countries such as the American Approach, then the ESG through a European Eye, ESG perspectives in India and Africa, challenges associated with ESG measurement and reporting on a global scale. It analyses the diverse methodologies and metrics by stakeholders to assess ESG performance, highlighting the complexities of standardization and comparability across jurisdictions and industries. Drawing on empirical evidence and case studies, it elucidates the correlation between strong ESG practices and long-term value creation, while also acknowledging the measures by pro and anti ESG states, various regulations, guidelines, and conduct. Lastly, the paper discusses the role of stakeholders, including governments, investors, corporations, and civil society, in advancing the ESG agenda on a global scale. It emphasizes the importance of collaboration and dialogue in fostering sustainable development and addressing pressing socio-environmental challenges.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 347 - 365


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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