Means and Methods of Warfare and International Humanitarian Law in the Age of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

  • Shivam Kumar Pandey and Aditya Narayan
  • Show Author Details
  • Shivam Kumar Pandey

    Research Scholar at Rashtriya Raksha University, India

  • Aditya Narayan

    LL.M. Student at Rashtriya Raksha University, India

  • img Save PDF


The development of AI and ML technologies has significantly altered how war is fought, which puts the existing legal system of international humanitarian law in jeopardy. The implications of AI and ML in combat are examined in this abstract, which emphasises the necessity for a thorough knowledge of their potential effects on IHL principles. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are being incorporated into weapon systems, targeting procedures, and decision-making, which has ramifications for distinction, proportionality, and precautions in assault. In the creation, implementation, and application of AI and ML technologies, the abstract emphasises the significance of ensuring accountability, human control, and compliance with IHL. Additionally, it emphasises the necessity of increased communication between nations, international organisations, and specialists to address the moral and legal issues raised. The goal is to increase awareness of the critical concerns involving AI, ML, and IHL and to promote additional study and conversations to make sure that these developments in combat adhere to the IHL's guiding principles of humanity, distinction, and proportionality.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 5, Issue 3, Page 160 - 181


Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


Copyright © IJLSI 2021