Reproductive Rights in India: A Comprehensive Analysis of Laws and Policies

  • Mahnaz Ajaz and Dr. Mushtaq Ahmad Dar
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  • Mahnaz Ajaz

    Research Scholar at School of Law, University of Kashmir, J&K, India

  • Dr. Mushtaq Ahmad Dar

    Professor at DDE, University of Kashmir, J&K, India

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International treaties and declarations acknowledge specific rights that belong to every individual. Among these rights is the right to sexual and reproductive health. Since the Cairo Conference on Population and Development in 1994, the human rights movement has embraced the notion of reproductive rights. Women's rights are affirmed in relation to reproductive and sexual health as fundamental to their overall well-being. These rights encompass the right to have adequate reproductive health care, choose the method of birth among others. This paper explores the key legislative and judicial milestones that have shaped reproductive rights in India, including the landmark cases and progressive amendments to laws. Furthermore, the paper analyses the policies and programs implemented by the Indian government to address reproductive health issues, including family planning initiatives, maternal health programs, and efforts to combat gender-based discrimination.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 379 - 396


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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