Role of Artificial Intelligence in the Detection of Crime & Administration of Justice

  • Nikhil Bajpai and Vineet Panda
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  • Nikhil Bajpai

    Assistant Professor at ICFAI Law School, IFHE Hyderabad, India

  • Vineet Panda

    Student at ICFAI Law School, IFHE Hyderabad, India

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) has emerged as a pivotal tool in modern law enforcement, revolutionizing crime detection & justice administration worldwide. This paper explores the multifaceted role of AI in the context of India's criminal justice system. In recent years, India has witnessed a surge in both traditional & cybercrimes, necessitating advanced technological solutions for effective detection &prosecution. AI-powered systems have been instrumental in analyzing vast amounts of data to identify patterns, trends, &anomalies indicative of criminal activities. Machine learning algorithms, for instance, enable law enforcement agencies to sift through digital evidence, such as CCTV footage, social media interactions, &financial transactions, expediting investigations &enhancing accuracy. Furthermore, AI-based predictive analytics assist in crime prevention by forecasting potential hotspots & criminal behaviour, allowing law enforcement to deploy resources proactively. This proactive approach not only reduces response times but also minimizes the occurrence of criminal incidents. Moreover, AI technologies have streamlined various aspects of the judicial process, from case management to sentencing. Automated systems aid in legal research, facilitating access to relevant precedents & statutes, thereby enabling lawyers &judges to make informed decisions efficiently. Additionally, AI-driven tools can analyze sentencing patterns &demographic data to ensure fairness &consistency in judgments. However, the integration of AI in crime detection &justice administration also poses ethical &privacy concerns. Issues related to data security, algorithmic bias, &transparency need to be addressed to uphold the principles of fairness &accountability. This paper examines the opportunities &challenges associated with the adoption of AI in India's criminal justice system, emphasizing the need for a balanced approach that harnesses the benefits of technology while safeguarding fundamental rights &principles of justice. Ultimately, AI has the potential to significantly enhance the efficiency &effectiveness of crime detection &justice administration in India, but its implementation must be guided by principles of transparency, accountability, &respect for human rights.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 167 - 182


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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