Role of Finger Printing in the Administration of Criminal Justice System

  • Mangal Kumar Raj
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  • Mangal Kumar Raj

    Ph.D. (Research Scholar) at Central University of South Bihar, Gaya, India

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In crime investigation, fingerprint procedures are advantageous due to their high accuracy, speed, efficiency, and capacity to analyse complicated patterns and images. Dactylography or the fingerprint system is based on the study of epidermal ridges and their configurations in the palms of the hand. Finger prints collected from crime scene, or on items present at crime scene, can be used in identifying suspects, victims, and other persons who touched the surface. Thus, A fingerprint is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger. The recovery of partial fingerprints from a crime scene is an important method of forensic science. Fingerprint records normally contain impressions from the pad on the last joint of fingers and thumbs, though fingerprint cards also typically record portions of lower joint areas of the fingers. The science of fingerprints and its application to crime scene investigation are discussed in this chapter. It seeks to create novel pattern recognition techniques in order to increase the accuracy and dependability of automatic fingerprint identification. The chapter emphasis on the role of fingerprints in the administration criminal justice. The study also presents a thorough overview of crime scene investigation along with recommendations for further research. The evolution of fingerprint science is also covered, along with its roots in history and current methods. The study highlights the growing importance of finger print technology in criminal investigations and discusses the challenges facing the scientific and justice communities in maintaining the highest standards for fingerprint evidence collection, testing, and analysis.




International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 277 - 286


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