The Role of Fingerprint and DNA Fingerprinting in Criminal Investigation

  • Vipravar Rao
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  • Vipravar Rao

    Student at University of Allahabad, India

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This research paper talks about how fingerprint plays an important role in a criminal investigation. With the help of introducing the fingerprint method, it not only reduced the burden of investigating agencies but also helped to solve the cases faster. Hon’ble Court accepts reports of DNA test and fingerprinting due to the scientific method used and its accuracy, but Judges does not rely completely on it; they apply their mind before pronouncing the judgement and gives fair hearing opportunity to the witnesses so that hidden facts can also be revealed. The reason behind it is scientific evidence or tests can only show the results of the test is done, but it cannot reveal hidden facts like the act done is whether the act of defence or crime. In most of the cases (especially Rape Cases), it was found that Court relies on scientific evidence’s reports like DNA tests. William E. Gladstone also says, “Justice delayed is justice denied”. So, we can conclude that this test plays a vital role in the criminal investigation, along with it reducing time also.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 4, Issue 1, Page 342 - 348


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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