Wildlife Protection and Rights of Indigenous Tribes-Conflicts and Coexistence

  • Abhishek. S
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  • Abhishek. S

    Student at Government Law College, Kozhikode, India

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This paper critically examines the intricate relationship between wildlife protection and the rights of indigenous tribes, specifically focusing on the conflicts that arise and the potential for coexistence. It explores the challenges faced in reconciling these two fundamental aspects of environmental governance and aims to provide insights into sustainable solutions. The preservation of wildlife and the recognition of indigenous rights are essential for maintaining ecological balance and safeguarding cultural heritage. However, conflicts often emerge when traditional lands and resources of indigenous tribes overlap with designated protected areas. This paper analyzes relevant legislation, policy frameworks, and case studies to shed light on the complexities and implications of these conflicts. The study highlights the adverse impacts of strict wildlife protection measures on indigenous communities, including forced displacement, loss of livelihoods, and erosion of cultural identity. It underscores the importance of recognizing and respecting indigenous knowledge systems, customary practices, and their deep-rooted connection with the land and wildlife. Moreover, the paper investigates the role of community-based conservation initiatives in promoting coexistence. By actively involving indigenous communities in conservation efforts, empowering them through capacity building, and acknowledging their rights to participate in decision-making processes, a more inclusive and sustainable approach can be achieved. The findings of this research emphasize the need for a balanced approach that respects both wildlife conservation and the rights of indigenous tribes. It calls for the formulation of comprehensive policies that integrate traditional ecological knowledge with modern scientific approaches, ensuring that the rights and interests of indigenous communities are duly recognized and protected. Ultimately, this paper aims to contribute to the ongoing discourse on wildlife protection and indigenous rights by providing insights and recommendations for policymakers, conservation practitioners, and indigenous communities. It advocates for a harmonious coexistence between wildlife and indigenous tribes, where conservation efforts go hand in hand with the preservation of cultural diversity and the well-being of indigenous communities.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 5, Issue 3, Page 49 - 59

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLSI.111591

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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