Prison Reform: Socio-Psycho-Legal Factors and Societal Reintegration

Karthikaa .P and Yugashree H
School of Law, Sastra Deemed to be University, India

Volume II – Issue I, 2020

Every person has the right to life and liberty and everyone must comply with the rules of the state. If anyone has failed to follow rules or laws or perpetrated an offense that resulted in the legislation being violated, he shall be punished and sent to prison. Its main purpose is to let offenders conscious of what the offense he has did and offer guidance to reintegrate him with the society. For an offence that he’s done, the rules, morality and ethics must be taught that every human should follow.

However, their situation in jail is deteriorating, not everyone is treated fairly nor obtains adequate facilities, education or medical assistance and most of them are under trials. This instability in the criminal justice system affects prisoner’s emotional state, which makes them more vulnerable to criminal inclinations than before.

This paper explores how prisoners can be improved by undertaking a comprehensive analysis on the rehabilitation of prisoners, the prison and criminal justice system in India, international conventions on the regulation of prisons, the reformation of prisoners on humanitarian grounds and the living conditions of prisoners and the prison environment and how it affects their physiological and psychological health.

This paper suggest ways in which prisoner’s physical and mental well-being can be strengthened in order to change the offenders and what measures can be taken to reintegrate the prisoner into society after they come out of prisons.

Keywords: Prison Reform India, Prisoners, Criminal Justice System, Human Rights, Prison Environment.


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