Gene Editing Technologies and Patent Landscape: Navigating Legal and Ethical Challenges in the Context of Genetic Resources

  • Aishwarya Ganapathy Saravanan
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  • Aishwarya Ganapathy Saravanan

    Student at IFIM Law School, Bangalore, India

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Gene editing technologies, such as CRISPR-Cas9, have revolutionized biotechnology due to their ability to modify genes precisely and profoundly. As well as exploring possible consequences for the world's genetic resources, this study explores the ethical and legal issues raised by the patenting of gene editing technology. It examines ethical concerns, the intricate relationship between gene editing patents and biodiversity conservation, and the current legal framework. It is important to consider ethical considerations when considering how patenting gene editing breakthroughs affects indigenous peoples. By comparing the gene-editing patent landscape across different jurisdictions and taking a closer look at international perspectives, the paper argues for regulatory harmonization to address global barriers. By examining case studies and legal precedents, this research reveals significant challenges in the gene editing patent field. The study also evaluates how gene editing patents affect access to these ground-breaking technologies, with an emphasis on promoting innovation while guaranteeing fair access worldwide, especially for poor nations. To strike a balance between guaranteeing the ethical, and responsible use of these technologies and promoting innovation through gene editing patents, the research concludes with legislative suggestions and potential solutions. This work adds to a nuanced understanding of the legal and ethical landscape in a field that is developing quickly, such as gene editing, and offers insightful information that will be useful in guiding future policy discussions and developments at the nexus of gene editing technologies and genetic resource protection.


Research Paper


International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 1059 - 1080


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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