The Intersection of Technology and Law: Considerations for Law Professionals

  • Abinaya R.M.
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  • Abinaya R.M.

    Advocate at Madras High Court, India

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The evolution of technology has fundamentally reshaped numerous aspects of modern society, especially within the legal field. As new technologies, particularly Artificial Intelligence (AI), continue to evolve, they introduce novel challenges and ethical dilemmas that legal professionals must navigate. This article examines the intersection of AI and law, exploring its implications across different sectors such as criminal law, data privacy, administrative law, health law, labor law, and competition law. The integration of AI in these areas brings about significant opportunities for efficiency and innovation but also raises concerns regarding bias, accountability, and fairness. It is not always humans who make mistakes; we are entering an era where robots and AI programs will work alongside us, and they too are prone to errors. For instance, the use of AI in criminal investigations and traffic law enforcement has led to instances of wrongful accusations and fines. In administrative law, while AI can reduce corruption by focusing on objective facts, it may also perpetuate existing biases from past decisions. In healthcare, AI promises to address resource limitations and unexpected crises like COVID-19, yet it poses questions of accountability for medical errors. Labor law faces challenges as AI could lead to job displacement and increased stress among workers, necessitating new legal protections. Furthermore, the application of AI in competition law, as demonstrated by the Amazon Marketplace case, highlights the risk of anticompetitive practices facilitated by pricing algorithms. To address these issues, solutions such as compulsory insurance for developers, transparent AI development, regular audits, and robust data protection laws are proposed. Emphasizing the need for continuous vigilance, regulatory evolution, and proactive legislation, the article advocates for a balanced approach that supports technological progress while upholding justice and equity. By adapting legal frameworks to the dynamic landscape of AI, we can ensure that innovation benefits society without compromising fundamental rights.




International Journal of Legal Science and Innovation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 550 - 557


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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